As a sociologist, I think it is best to turn to the evidence: Do Asians face discrimination? The labor market is one of the best places to take this question because this is where many people believe Asians have reached parity with white Americans.
Asian Americans have among the highest earnings in the United States. In 2013, Asians’ median weekly earnings were $973, as compared to $799 for whites, $634 for blacks, and $572 for Latinos. It seems as if Asians do not experience discrimination. However, these aggregate numbers hide many disparities.
First of all, Asian men earned, on average, 40 percent more than Asian women. The gender gap between Asian men and women is the highest of any racial group. Secondly, these numbers hide the diversity within the Asian community: the 2000 U.S. Census reports Hmong women had an average weekly earnings of just $389 per week – putting them far below average. Whereas Chinese and Indian men earn more on average than white men, the opposite is true for Laotian, Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Hmong men. In sum, some Asians earn more than whites, yet this is the case for only some nationalities – those that have, on average, higher levels of education.
Chinese and Indian Americans have higher educational attainment than their white male counterparts. This helps explain some of the earnings disparities.
Studies that take into account educational achievements find that Asian men earn less than their white male counterparts. Sociologists ChangHwan Kim and Arthur Sakamoto found that if you compare white men to Asian men with similar characteristics, the white men often earn more. In other words, if an Asian American man and a white man both live in New York, both went to selective universities, and both studied engineering, we could expect that the Asian American man would earn, on average, 8 percent less than the white man.
The fact that Asian Americans do not earn as much as white men with the same qualifications points to the fact that Asian Americans face labor market discrimination. In other words, there is a real monetary cost to being Asian American. Over the course of one’s career, this disparity can amount to significant amounts of money.
Labor market discrimination against Asians is not unique to the United States. A study conducted in Australia also uncovered labor market discrimination against Asians. Alison Booth and her colleagues conducted an audit study where they sent 4,000 fictitious job applications out for entry-level jobs, where they varied only the last name of the applicant – thereby signaling ethnicity.
The results were that the average callback rate for Anglo-Saxons was 35 percent. Applications with an Italian-sounding name received responses 32 percent of the time – with only a small statistically significant difference. The differences were starker for the other groups: indigenous applicants obtained an interview 26 percent of the time, Chinese applicants 21 percent of the time, and Middle Easterners 22 percent of the time. According to these findings, Anglo-Saxons would have to submit three job applications to have a decent shot at getting a callback whereas Chinese applicants can expect to submit five."
"Hashtag Sparks Discussion About Asian American Discrimination", Racism Review, 12/17/13
Besides the debunking of the “Asians don’t face discrimination in hiring, they show that Americans don’t see race and hire only by qualification” myth, note the massive wage gap between Asian men and women.
dear every white dude who has told me that “Asians have more power than white people” -
Please reblog if you are a girl and have ever been made to feel ashamed of one or more of these things (wanting to prove a point to some asshole):
-your clothing choice
-your amount of make up
-not having sex
-having your period
-not appreciating catcalls
Remember that time in 1915 when Frances Hodgson Burnett wrote an adventure book about PoC nobility in Europe and the loyal best friend character had a major physical disability?
Yeah, neither did I. But it happened!
The Lost Prince is that book. I had never heard of it until I stumbled across it in a bookstore last week; it doesn’t seem to be well known in general, and certainly not on the level of The Secret Garden or A Little Princess. Also, all the reprints since 1966 seem to be of an abridged version. There is a free kindle edition available, but I don’t know whether or not it’s the original text.
Abridged or not, though, this book seems really important to me. I mean, just look at this description of the main character, Marco Loristan:
"…they always looked again at his face. It was not an English face or an American one, and was very dark in colouring. His features were strong, his black hair grew on his head like a mat, his eyes were large and deep set, and looked out between thick, straight, black lashes."
His homeland is a fictional country called Samavia, somewhere in Eastern Europe, but several unimportant characters think he looks variously Russian, Turkish, or Viking-like, and the uniforms and architecture of Samavia are described as having “a touch of the Orient in [their] splendour.” This (educated, self-possessed, occasionally vulnerable, kindhearted) kid is definitely, explicitly not white. And he’s not even an orphan! He has an equally cool, equally explicitly not white dad.
The main secondary character, Marco’s (white) companion, self-titled The Rat, is first described as “…a strange little creature with a big forehead, and deep eyes which were curiously sharp. But this was not all. He was a hunchback, his legs seemed small and crooked. He sat with them crossed before him on a rough wooden platform set on low wheels on which he evidently pushed himself about.”
And, okay, there is a certain amount of exotification that goes on in this book, and if I stopped to think about it, there are probably other really problematic things going on in it as well.
But you guys. YOU GUYS.
In 1915, this lady wrote a kid’s adventure and travel novel about SPY INTRIGUE and POLITICS set all the fuck over Europe, starring a father-and-son Eastern European PoC loving and trusting duo who are the absolute classiest, and their kickass loyal white sidekick, who, as a physically disabled street kid in turn-of-the-century London was such a fierce and intelligent leader that he mustered a gang of homeless boys into a disciplined unit. (There are also a bunch female characters who have diverse, if small, roles.)
This book is not perfect. Sometimes the descriptions of Marco and the other Samavians are exotifying and awkward. The plot is kind of heavy-handed, there are no surprising surprises, and it heavily romanticizes military themes and monarchies all the way through. I mean… it was written by a white Englishwoman in 1915.
It’s still important representation. I highly recommend it.
This is really important historical literary representation and everyone needs to know.
justthestupidparts asked: When you became a doctor, did you not swear an oath to, among other things, try to prevent disease as much as treat it? Refusing to advocate weight loss to obese patients breaks that oath; how do you justify continuing to practice medicine? Serious question.
First of all, I apologize for taking so long to answer your post. When I received it I was still out of town. Second, I wanted to write something thoughtful and I needed time to not write something out of anger. Anger that you would accuse me of doing harm by not mindlessly insisting on weight loss as the ultimate solution to a fat person’s health problems.
To start with I would like to state that I do not refuse to advocate weight loss, where it is appropriate to do so. I assume that you are operating on the false assumption that being fat automatically makes a person unhealthy. I can assure you that it does not.
"But, what about the obesity epidemic? What about the diabetes epidemic? But what about…?" I hear you ask.
There are lots of illnesses that have been statistically correlated with being fat. But the thing to understand is that correlation does not equal causation.
Lets use Type 2 diabetes and fatness as an example. Diabetes type 2 is an illness of insulin resistance. That means the body requires more insulin to produce the same sugar lowering effect than a nondiabetic body would need. Insulin is produced by cells in the pancreas called beta cells.
Contrary to popular belief, people don’t just go from being nondiabetic to diabetic overnight. Rather there is a process that occurs. We have found that there are differences in a person’s beta cells that happen long before a person even begins to show signs of insulin resistance. Many people who go on to become type 2 diabetics will have higher levels of insulin circulating in their bodies for years before they even become prediabetic. One of the other functions of insulin in the body is to promote the storage of excess energy as fat. So, insulin makes people fat, and keeps people fat (makes it harder to lose weight).
Can you see where I’m going with this? The question now becomes, are people diabetic because they are fat? Or are they fat because they are diabetic? This is an extremely important distinction to make.
When I see a diabetic person, fat or not, I tell them to make sure they get plenty of exercise and to watch what they eat to control their carbohydrate intake. What does this sound like? “Diet and exercise.” The difference is that I don’t tell people to lose weight. Many of my patients who follow this advice do in fact lose weight, and that is fine. Many of my patients do not. That is also fine. They all have better control of their sugars, and in most cases, to similar degrees. I fail to see how not insisting on losing weight is “doing harm.”
There are times when a person’s weight turns out to be a factor in their illness and where weight loss may help in treating it. In those cases, I do suggest some weight loss. But in NO case is it ever necessary for someone to get to their “ideal body weight” to help their condition.
Finally, let’s look at the idea of “doing harm.” Did you know that studies (link and link) have shown that the medical profession as a whole is biased against fat people? That there are countless stories about people having serious illnesses going undiagnosed because they are fat and doctors refuse to look beyond that? That fat patients stop going to their doctors after being repeatedly made to feel ashamed for being fat by their doctors? For trying so hard to lose weight but not being “successful?” That, to me is the real harm that is done. The psychological harm. The physical harm that results from not going to the doctor for a serious problem because the doctor will either ignore it or just embarrass them again.
Are you aware that the vast majority of people who lose weight are not able to maintain that weight loss over the long term? And that people can end up far fatter than they would have become otherwise due to the lose-gain cycle. That that cycle can also cause serious harm to a person?
I care about each and every one of my patients whether they are fat or not. Whether they are healthy or not. Fat patients get the same consideration given to their concerns as thin people. I don’t simply dismiss things because a person is fat or tell them that losing weight is the ultimate answer. If my medical work up indicates that losing a small amount of weight may help, then I suggest it. Otherwise, it is not necessary.
Finally, before you try to tell me about all the research that shows being fat is unhealthy, I have a few of links to lots of evidence-based medical research that shows that being fat does not necessarily make one unhealthy.
Serious question? Serious answer.
The doctor is fucking IN
reblogging because I want to check out the links later.
I know it’s fun to think of Canada as that ‘sweet apartment above a meth lab,’ as Robin Williams recently put it, but they’re still just looking for any old excuse to kill First Nations people.
I mean, Aboriginal women are seven times more likely than other women to be killed, and even the UN has recommended "a national inquiry into the ‘disturbing phenomenon’ of missing and murdered Aboriginal women," but the government responded, “LOL, actually, it’s no biggie." The Canadian ambassador to the UN even had the gall to elaborate: "Canada is proud of its human-rights record, and our peaceful and diverse society."
See, that’s the thing about renting an apartment above a meth lab: nobody’s gonna notice if you’ve been cooking meth, too.
You can sign the petition to tell the RCMP to stop violently intervening in First Nations protests here.
I will be writing a sociological research paper about the effects of the lyrics in Robin Thicke’s Blurred Lines.
Please reblog this if you are a female who finds the lyrics of this song offensive or upsetting.
The equal post for men can be found here.